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Dr. Dev Nath Singh Gautam
Associate Professor, Department of Rasa Shastra, Faculty of Ayurveda, IMS, BHU, Varanasi
A.precatorius (Gunja) is belonging to family fabaceae was usually known as crabs' eye, Indian liquorice. It is a woody twining found almost in all parts of India, ascending to an altitude of 3500 ft. In the classical texts of Rasa Shastra, A. precatorius is mentioned under Upavisha Gana (semi-poisonous). Several methods of purifications were mentioned in the classical text of Ayurveda. After proper purification, Gunja has been used as a treatment for various diseases like alopecia, itching, edema, urinary disorders, etc. Three seed varieties of Gunja and their different Shodhana methods were mentioned in the ancient classical literature. But there is no any clue who described that which method is superior to the other and in what respect. Therefore the current study was carried out to evaluate the comparative effect of Shodhana of white and black kernels of A. prectorius through Godugdha (cow’s milk) and Kanji (sour gruel) by using phytochemical study. White and black varieties of kernels of A. prectorius were subjected to Swedana process (Shodhana) in cow milk and Kanji (sour gruel) separately for six and three hours respectively. After purification both samples were found decreased in weight, change in color and decrease the number of phytoconstituents was observed. In Ashodhit kernels of white Gunja (Wk), 3 spots, Shodhana with cow’s milk 4 spots and Kanji Shodhita Gunja 7 spots were observed at different Rf values. While in Ashodhita kernels of black Gunja (Bk), 7 spots, Shodhana with milk 5 spots and Kanji Shodhita Gunja 6 spots were observed at different Rf values. White varieties of Gunja seed was found more prominent as compared with black seed.
KEYWORDS: A. prectorius, Gunja, Shodhana, Upavisha
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