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Dr. Sandeep Kumar Singh1, Dr. Bhan Pratap Yadaw2
Associate Prof. Deptt. of Samhita & Sidhant Gangasheel Ay. Med.College,Bareilly,U.P.
Assistant Prof. Deptt. of Rachana Sharir Govt. Ayu. College and Hospital, Atarra, Banda, UP.
Medical sciences hold diversity in methodology, objects and their achievementsrepresenting to different branches of medicine & health sciences. Ayurveda is one such ancientIndian medicinal science that represent to the different aspects of medicines. This scienceexisted, such a long & extensive voyage of time, by its fundamental principles. Withoutimplementation of these principles any science cannot stand for long time period. Theseprinciples are scattered throughout the treatise & thus their study is the need of time. AcharyaCharak, eminent Ayurvedic research scholar was the first to give this great science, its mortalform. His treatise Charak Samhita represents Ayurveda in different aspects. The concept of Marma is one such Imperative & Unique principle of Ayurveda. TheTri-marmiya Adhyaya1are the special attributes to the Marma Chikitsa. To a more or less extent they represent emergency aspect of Ayurvedic treatment. Shira, Hridaya & Basti (Trimarma) are the basic authoritative organs representing the three different systems of the body viz. – Nervous system, Cardio-vascular system & Urinary system. An effort is made in the present paper to view the concept of Marma and Trimarma.
Ker words- Marma, Trimarma, Hridaya, Basti, Shirah, Prana
1. Charaka Samhita Ramkarana Sharma and Bhagwan Dash, Vol.1 to 6 Chowkhambha Sanskrit Series Office, Varanasi, Third Edition, 2002.
2. Charaka Samhita Ayurveda Dipika Commentary of Cakrapanidatta. Edited by Vaidya Jadavaji Trikamji Acarya; Chaukhamba Sanskrit Sansthana Varanasi; FifthEdition, 2001.
3. Asthanga Hridaya with the commentaries, Sarvangasundara of Arundatta and Ayurveda Rasayana of Hemadri, edited by Pandit Hari Sadasiva Sastri Paradakara Bhisagacarya; Chaukhamba Orientalia, Varanasi, Ninth Edition, 2002.
4. Susruta Samhita - Kaviraja Ambikadatta Sastri (Part I & II) Chaukhamba Sanskrit Sansthana, Varanasi Fourteenth Edition, 2001.
5. Asthanga Sangraha with the commentary of Indu, Published by Central Council for research in Ayurveda and Siddha (CCRAS) New Delhi - 1991.
6. Ashthanga Sangraha with Hindi Vyakhya by Lal Chandra Shastry Vaidya, Baidyanatha Publications, - 1989.
7. Susruta Samhita - Kaviraja Ambikadatta Sastri (Part I & II) Chaukhamba Sanskrit Sansthana, Varanasi Fourteenth Edition, 2001.