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1P.Sailaja Rao , 2Mehnoor Farheen , 3Prakash V Diwan
1Associate Professor, Sri Venkateshwara College of Pharmacy, Hyderabad-81, Telangana State, India
2 Assistant Professor, Shadan Women’s college of Pharmacy, Hyderabad-81, Telangana State, India
3 Professor, Maratha Mandal’s Central Research Laboratory, Belgaum-590 006, Karnataka, India.
*Address for Correspondance: SriVenkateshwara College of Pharmacy, Madhapur, Hyderabad-81.
The present study was aimed to evaluate the anti-hyperglycemic activity and in vivo anti-oxidant effect of ethyl acetate extract of Actinopteris dichotoma.It is commonly known as peacock’s tail which belongs to the family Pteridaceae. Ethyl acetate extract of whole plant of Actinopteris dichotoma (EAAD) was prepared by Soxhlet extraction. Wistar rats weighing (180-200 gms) were divided into 6 groups (n=6), and three doses (100 mg/kg, 200 mg/kg and 400 mg/kg) of extract were selected. Insulin was used as a standard drug. Diabetes was induced by alloxan (120mg/kg, i.p) in control group. The animals were pre-treated with the extracts at specified doses for a period of 14 days.On 21stday, the blood glucose levels along with anti-oxidant enzymes like Superoxide dismutase (SOD), Catalase (CAT) and lipid peroxidase (LPO) were also determined in all animals. Histopathological studies were also performed to observe the effect of test drug on pancreas.The EEAD at 200 mg/kg body weight showed a significant reduction in blood glucose levels (p<0.001) with the value of 150.6 mg/dl on 21st day as compared to the diabetic control. Also, the extract showed significant improvement in SOD and CAT with 35.61 and 40.56 U/mg of protein. Histopatho study of pancreatic tissue exhibited normal exocrine structure with less hemorrhage or damage in endocrine portion.These results suggest that ethyl acetate extracts of Actiniopteris dichotoma Bedd at the dose of 200 mg/kg showed anti-hyperglycemic effect with a substantial evidence of increased pancreatic cell viability as compared to the diabetic control.
KEYWORDS: Ethyl acetate, Alloxan, Blood glucose, Actinopteris dichotoma, Pancreas.
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