^Back To Top
Dr.Khedkar Priyanka N
Guided By: - Dr Madhavi Deodas , Dr. Sudha Singh (Md Kaumarbhritya).
(Guide & H.O.D Department of Kaumarbhritya, College of Ayurveda And Reaserch Center, Akurdi-Pune)
India is a country with a rich and varied cultural heritage where Hindu Dharma is held in high esteem. Hindu dharma is not a religion but a way of life, which has been refined over millennia to help individuals lead successful lives. The unique relationship between Samskara (sacraments) and culture shapes one’s lifetime by defining moments or goals that nourish, purify and grant dignity and decorum. The goal of samskara is to improve the culture as a whole. The samskaras are performed for the physical, social and religious development of the individual. Ancient Hindu mythology described sixteen Samskara for a person. This article will described in detail eight samskara for growth and development of children, along with their medical relevance: Jatakarma (birth rituals), Namkaran (naming the child), Nishakraman (first outing), Annaprashan (first feeding), Chudakarna (head shaving), Karnachedan (piercing the earlobes), Upanayana (thread ceremony) and Vedarambha (start of formal education).
KEY WORDS – Samskara, growth and development, Jatakarma, Nishkraman
1. Devendernath Mishra, Kaumarbhritya, Chaukhamba Sanskrit Pratisthana, Delhi, second edition 2008.
2. Sacraments- Samskaras. Retrieved from: http://www.hinduism.co.za/sacramen.htm [Accessed on 29/07/2013]
3. Chunekar K.C. Bhav prakash Nighantu. 10th edition. Varanasi. Chaukhambha Vishwabharati. P-128.
4. Das S. What are samskaras? Retrieved from http://hinduism.about.com/od/basics/a/Hindu-Samskaras.htm
5. Nevatia H. Shodasha Samskara or the Sixteen Sacraments. Retrieved from: http://suite101.com/article/shodasha-samskara-or-the sixteen-sacraments-a207720
6. Susruta. Susruta Samhita, vol-2nd Srikantha Murthy KR, editor. 1st ed. Varanasi:Chaukhamba Orientalia; 2008. Chikitsasthana.p231
7. Sharma P.V. Susruta Samhita. Vol 2nd . Edition 2010. Varanasi. Chaukhamba Bharati Academy Su.Sh.10/49. P-236
8. Tewari.P.V. Kashyapa samhita. Edition 1996. Varanasi. Chaukhamba Bharati Academy. K.Khil12/10-14.P-597
9. Tewari P.V. Kashyap samhita. Edition 1996. Varanasi. Choukhamba Bharati Academy. K.Khil12/8. P-
10. Charaka. Charaka samhita, vol-| . shrama RK, Dash VB, editors. 1st ed. Varanasi: Chowkhamba Sanskrita SeriesOffice;2009. Sutrasthana.p127
11. Charaka. Chraka Samhita, Vol-2. Shrama RK, Dash VB,editors. 1st ed. Varanasi Chpukhamba Sanskrita Series Office;2009. Sutrasthana.p-231.
12. Nithin K. even before birth: the purifying world of Hindu Samskaras. Retrived from http://www.exoticindiaat.com/article/hindu-samskaras/[ Accessed on 29/07/2013]
13. Ghai O.P. Essential Pediatrics. Seventh edition 2010. New Delhi. CBS Publishers and Distributers.p-124
14. Sharma P.V.Dravya Guna Vigyana. 2nd Vol edition 2003. Varanasi. Chaukhambha Vishwabharti Prakashana. P -616.
15. Ghai O.P. Essential Pediatrics. Seventh edition 2010. New Delhi. CBS Publishers and Distributers P-27-30.