^Back To Top

foto1 foto2 foto3 foto4 foto5


IJAHM Latest Issue IJAHM have published its latest issue Vol. 9 Issue 06 2019 published IJAHM Call For Paper invites paper from various Ayurveda & herbal Medicine for Volume 9 Issue 06 Nov- Dec 2019 ...... Impact Factor : 4.415

Anowi, Chinedu Fredrick1 , Ekwueme, Precious Oluomachi1

DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.31142/ijahm/v9i5.04

 1Dept of Pharmacognosy and Traditional Medicine, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria

Download Pdf

ABSTRACT

In Umuahia, malaria constitutes a major public health problem just like in other part of Nigeria but, until now, the population still mostly relies on herbal medicines for healing. This study aimed to document medicinal plants used for malaria therapy in Umuahia, and for search of new antiplasmodial herbal medicines (HMs) for further investigation.

Semi-structured questionnaire interviews were used to gather ethnobotanical and sociodemographic data from traditional healers of the study area.

A total of 37 plant species belonging to 25 families were mentioned by respondents that cure malaria.  Rutaceae, Asteraceae and Apocynaceae families, with 3 species each were the most represented, followed by Lamiaceae, Gentianaceae, Fabaceae and Costaceae with 2 species each.  For the rest, 18 families were represented by only one species. The calculated RFC (Relative frequency of citation) indicated that species such as Sarcocephalus latifolius (RFC = 0.33), Cymbopogon citratus (RFC = 0.33),  Carica papaya (RFC = 0.27), Azadirachta indica (RCF = 0.27), Chromolena odorata (RFC = 0.27) and Uvaria cheame (RFC = 0.27)  were the most used in the treatment of malaria by traditional medicine healers in Umuahia.

Investigations results had identified 36 species commonly used in Umuahia traditional medicine to treat malaria.

Traditional Medicines Practitioners - TMPs of Umuahia understand and treat malaria using the available plant diversity from their huge forest and the herbal gardens within. The healers are very keen at plant conservation which is a good practice. Species like Uvaria chaeme may be investigated further for antiplasmodial assays to justify its efficacy.

 

Plant parts used could either be the barks, roots, leaves, or whole plants. The recipes also could be a combination of various species of plants or plant parts.

Keywords: RFC, Malaria, Herbal medicines, Umuahia, Traditional Medical Practitioners

1.           REFERENCES

1.      Adamu, H.M., Abayeh, O.J., Agho, M.O., Abdullahi, A.L., Uba, A., Dukku, H.U., Wufem, B.M., An ethnobotanical survey of Bauchi State herbal plants and their antimicrobial activity. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2005,99, 1–4

2.      Adebayo JO, Santana AE, Krettli AU. Evaluation of the antiplasmodial and cytotoxicity potentials of husk fiber extracts from Cocos nucifera, a medicinal plant used in Nigeria to treat human malaria. Hum Exp Toxicol. 2012;31:244–9. [PubMed]

3.      Asase A, Oteng-Yeboah AA, Odamtten GT, Simmonds MS. Ethnobotanical study of some Ghanaian anti-malarial plants. J Ethnopharmacol. 2005;99:273–9.

4.      Barnes, J., and Anderson, L. A. . Herbal medicines : Third edition. Pharmaceutical Press, 2007, 195–196. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-89230-4

5.      Ekeanyanwu Chukwuma Raphael . Traditional Medicine in Nigeria: Current Status and the Future Research Journal of Pharmacology,2011, 5: 90-94.

6.      Idowu OA, Mafiana CF, Dapo S Malaria among pregnant women in Abeokuta, Nigeria. Tanzan Health Res Bull 2006, 8: 28-31.

7.      Iyamah, P. C., & Idu, M. . Ethnomedicinal survey of plants used in the treatment of malaria in Southern Nigeria. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 173, 287–302. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2015.07.008

8.      Isah AB, Ibrahim YK, Iwalewa EO. Evaluation of the antimalarial properties and standardization of tablets of Azadirachta indica (Meliaceae) in mice. Phytother Res. 2003;17:807–10. [PubMed]

9.      Lakouéténé D, Ndolngar G, Berké B, Moyen L, KoshKomba E, Zinga I, Enquête ethnobotanique des plantes utilisées dans le traitement du paludisme à Bangui. Bull Soc Pharm Bord. 2009;148:123–38.

10.  Linde K, Jonas WB. Evaluating complementary and alternative medicine: the balance of rigor and relevance. In: Jonas WB, Levin JS, eds. Essentials of complementary and alternative medicine. Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1999 pp. 57-71

11.  Mukungu N, Abuga K, Okalebo F, Ingwela R, Mwangi J. Medicinal plants used for management of malaria among the Luhya community of Kakamega East sub-County, Kenya. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 2016;194:98-107. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2016.08.050.

12.  Odugbemi TO, Akinsulire OR, Aibinu IE, Fabeku PO. Medicinal plants useful for malaria therapy in Okeigbo, Ondo State, Southwest Nigeria. Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 2006;4:191–8. [PMC free article]

13.  Orwa C, A Mutua, Kindt R , Jamnadass R, S Anthony. 2009 Agroforestree Database:a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0, 2009 http://www.worldagroforestry.org/sites/treedbs/treedatabases.asp

14.  Sofowora A, Medicinal Plants and Traditional medicine in Africa. 2nd Edition. Spectrum Books Limited, Sunshine House, Ibadan, Nigeria, 1993, 289.

15.  Tabuti  JRS,  Lye  KA,  Dhillion  SS.  Traditional  herbal drugs  of  Bulamogi,  Uganda:  plants,  use  and administration. J. Ethnopharmacology, 2003; 88:19-44

16.  Tardio, J., and Pardo de Santayana, M., Cultural importance indices: A Comparative analysis Based on the Useful Wild Plants Of Southern Cantabria ( Northern Spain). Economic Botany 2008 (62): 24-39. 10.1007/s 12231 - 007 -9004-5

17.  Traore MS, Baldé MA, Diallo MS, Baldé ES, Diané S, Camara A, . Ethnobotanical survey on medicinal plants used by Guinean traditional healers in the treatment of malaria. J Ethnopharmacol. 2013;150:1145–53.

18.  Tor-Anyiin TA, Sha'ato R, Oluma HO. Ethnobotanical survey of anti-malarial medicinal plants amongst the Tiv people of Nigeria. J Herbs Spices Med Plants. 2003;10:61–74.

19.  WHO traditional medicine strategy 2002–2005. Geneva: WHO; 2002.

20.  Willcox ML, Bodeker G. Traditional herbal medicines for malaria. BMJ 2004; 329: 1156-9 doi: 10.1136/bmj.329.7475.1156 pmid: 15539672.

21.  Yetein MH, Houessou LG, Lougbégnon TO, Teka O, Tente B. Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used for the treatment of malaria in plateau of Allada, Benin (West Africa) J Ethnopharmacol. 2013;146:154–63.

22.  Zofou D, Tene M, Ngemenya MN, Tane P, Titanji VP. In vitro antiplasmodial activity and cytotoxicity of extracts of selected medicinal plants used by traditional healers of Western cameroon. Malar Res Treat 2011. 2011 561342. [PMC free article]

 

 

 

IJAHM Content

IJAHM Menu

Download

Crossref - DOI

DOI : 10.31142/ijahm

Impact Factor

                                                                                                                   

Facebook

Who's Online

We have 68 guests and no members online

index

ind.pngkindex.jpglogo_2.pngnewj.pngtop_up.jpguindex.jpgule.jpg
 Copyright © 2019 IJAHM  Rights Reserved.