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1Dr. Avani Patel, 2Dr. Dilip K. Jani
1P.G. Scholar, 2H.O.D. and Professor, PG Department of Dravyaguna, Government Ayurveda college, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.
Our body’s immune system protects us from diseases and infections. But having an autoimmune disease, immune system attacks healthy cells of our body by mistake. Autoimmune diseases can affect many parts of the body. Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease. It causes chronic inflammation of the joints including hands and feet. RA is a disease which keeps clinical similarity with Amavata. According to the Ayurvedic system of medicine the formation of endotoxins is called ‘Aam’. Aam is main pathogenic factor in the disease Amavata. ‘Aam’ is basically undigested material of our body. So, Gastrointestinal regulation is the mainstay of Ayurvedic treatment in Amavata. Modern system of medicine uses anti-inflammatories, DMARDs, immune-suppressive agents. But these drugs have bad impact on the quality of life & have so many side effects. Ayurvedic Aushadhi have a potential to treat symptoms of RA like inflammation and pain etc, it also treats arthritis at immune and free radical level. There are many herbs documented for their immunosuppressive action, anti-inflammatory action, analgesic action and antioxidant action. Dhanvantri Nighantu is the oldest Nighantu on drugs dealing with synonyms, properties and activity of drug available at present. There are 10 to 15 drugs described which can treat Amavata. All drugs are useful in Amavata with different ways and Rogavastha.
Key words: Autoimmune disease, Amavata, Aam, Dhanvantri Nighantu
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