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Doshi K. A.1*, Patel M. H.2, Bhoomi Kalaria.3
1*Lecturer, Department of Dravyaguna, IIAPS, Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India.
2 Lecturer, Department of Dravyaguna, IIAPS, Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India.
3 Student of IIAPS, Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India.
Address for correspondence
Dr. Krunal A. Doshi,
Dept. of Dravyaguna,
Indian Institute of Ayurvedic Pharmaceutical Sciences (IIAPS),
Gujarat Ayurved University (GAU),
AK Jamal Building, Gurunanak Road, Jamnagar-361008
Dhatura (Datura innoxia Mill.) belonges to family Solanaceae describe in Ayurveda for the various types of treatments to cure disease conditions in Classical texts. As a named the people knows Dhatura a very dangerous toxic plant. But, in presented review article, an attempt has been made to compile critically its informations related to therapeutic uses of dhatura from more than three samhitas, nine samgraha granthas, seven nighantus and other published texts. It is observed that root, root bark, leaves, seed, oil of Dhatura are used as an ingredient in 521 formulations, which are effective in more than 50 disease conditions. The main indications include vatavyadhi (diseases of joints), aamavata (rheumatoid artharitis), vrana (wound), agnimandya (loss of appetite), jvara (fever), grahani (Irritable bowel syndrome), shiroroga (disease of head), Shotha (inflammation), hikka (hiccough), kushtha (skin disease), visarpa (erysipelas), arsha (piles) etc. Different parts of Dhatura are used in about 18 dosage forms; such as svarasa (juice), kvatha (decoction), lepa (paste), varti (suppository), avaleha (semi-solid preparations), taila (oil), rasa (mineral preparation), vati (pills), modaka (solid dosage form), ghrita (fat soluble preparations), churna (powder), dhumrapaan (smoke inhalation), etc.
1. Dr. Gyanendra Pandey. System of Plant Nomenclature in Ayurveda. Edn. II, Chowkhambha Sanskrit Series Office, Varansi, 2011.
2. Doshi Krunal, Acharya Rabinarayan. Therapeutic importance of Eranda (Ricinus communis Linn.) in Ayurveda - a Review. Ayurpharm Int J Ayur Alli Sci. 2013; 2(9):281-295.
3. D. S. Lucas. Dravyaguna-Vijnana. Edn 1st, Vol 2, Chaukhambha vishvabharati, Varanasi, 2008, 306.
4. Sharma PV, editor. Dhanvantari Nighantu. Edn. 3rd, Chaukhambha Orientalia, Varanasi, 2002, 122.
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7. Shaligram Vaishya. Shaligramanighantu Bhushanam. Edn 1st, Khemraj Shrikrishnadas Prakashan, Mumbai, 2002, 233.
8. Kamat SD, editor. Sarasvati Nighantu. Edn 1st, Chaukhamba Sanskrit Pratishthan, Delhi, 2006, 43.
9. Sharma PV. Priya Nighantu. Edn 1st, Chaukhambha Surbharti Prakashan, Varanasi, 2004, 113.
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14. Ibid. 3 Dravyaguna-Vijnana. 304.
15. Ibid. 4 Dhanvantari Nighantu. 122.
16. Ibid 5. Kaiyadeva Nighantu. 632.
17. Ibid 6. Bhavaprakasha Nighantu. 303.
18. Ibid. 7. Shaligramanighantu. 233.
19. Ibid. 11. Priya Nighantu. 113.
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31. Bharatbhaishajyaratnakara. Shah NC, editor. Vol. 1 to 5. Edn 1st, B Jain Publishers, New Delhi, 2005. Rasa kamadhenu.
32. Bharatbhaishajyaratnakara. Shah NC, editor. Vol. 1 to 5. Edn 1st, B Jain Publishers, New Delhi, 2005. Gadanigrah.
33. Pandit Narahari. Raja Nighantu. Indradeo Tripathi, editor. Edn III, Krishnadas Academy, Varanasi, 2003, 301.