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Impact Factor : 4.415 ...... IJAHM Latest Issue IJAHM have published its latest issue Vol. 10 Issue 02 2020 published IJAHM Call For Paper invites paper from various Ayurveda & herbal Medicine for Volume 10 Issue 02 March- April 2020

Prem Shankar Pandey

DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.31142/ijahm/v10i1.03

 Department of Rasa Shastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana, Faculty of Ayurveda, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005, India

 

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ABSTRACT

Chapala is of controversial drug in the field of Rasa Shastra having medicinal importance in Ayurvedic system of medicine. Many Rasa Shastra texts described Chapala as mineral Bismuth or mineral Selenium. In view of this, the present study was undertaken on physicochemical characterization of Chapala for its validation and authentification. Chapala is used therapeutically in the form of Bhasma for the treatment of pain, tumor, cachexia, diabetes mellitus, fever, gynecological disorders and mansural rhythm. However, raw drug identification and characterization plays a vital role for assuring the therapeutic potential of the final drug. The sample of Chapala was collected from local market and authenticated by the subject expert and analysed through properties of the mineral,  following classical and physicochemical methods. The results of physical properties of Chapala were compared with the reported physical properties of mineral Bismuth and mineral Selenium. It was observed and concluded that Chapala is a mineral Bismuth with metallic luster, high specific gravity and melting point, hexagonal crystal structure and unseen fracture. All these properties of mineral Bismuth are very well match with the acceptable characteristics of Chapala as described in Ayurvedic classics.

 

Keywords: Chapala, Maharasa, Mineral, Bismuth, Selenium, Rasa Shastra. 

REFERENCE

      1.      Pandey PS, Identification of minerals of medicinal importance with special reference to Maharasa, Dissertation, Department of Post Graduate                                       Studies in Rasa Shastra, Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, 2017.

2.    Anonymous: The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Department of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy, New Delhi Part I, volume VII, 2008.

3.      Available from: https://m.minerals.net/Bismuth

4.      Available from: https://www.mindat.org/Selenium

5.      Available from: www.webmineral.com/Selenium

6.      Available from: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/Selenium

7.      Available from: https://www.mindat.org/min-684.html

8.      Rasavagbhata, Rasa Shastra Samucchaya, 11th Edition by Dr. Indra Deva Tripathi, edited by Kapil Deo Giri, Choukhambha Sanskrit Bhavan, 2nd chapter, 123-124 verse, 1998, p.22.

9.      Sadanand Sharma, Rasatarangini, 11th Edition, edited by Kashinath Shastri, Motilal Banarasidas, Delhi, 11th chapter, 116-126 verse, 2012, p-542-543.

10.  Geology Laboratory, Mineral properties available from https://www.saddleback.edu/faculty/jrepka/notes/GEOoriginalLAB_1pdf

11.  Rasaratna Samgraha, Edited by Vaidyaraja Data Balal Borkar, published by Sri Gajanana Book Depot, Pune, 1983, 30.

      12.  Ajay g, Anil M, Arvind L B. Significance of nanotechnology in medical sciences. Asian Journal of Pharmacy, 2008, 2: 80-85. 

                  

 

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DOI : 10.31142/ijahm

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