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Impact Factor : 4.415 ...... IJAHM Latest Issue IJAHM have published its latest issue Vol. 9 Issue 06 2019 published IJAHM Call For Paper invites paper from various Ayurveda & herbal Medicine for Volume 9 Issue 06 Nov- Dec 2019

Kumar P.1*, Kumari S.2

Paper Index :

1. Asstt. Prof. Deptt of Panchkarma

Dayanand Ayurvedic College, Jalandhar

Punjab. 144008. India

2. Asstt. Prof.

Dayanand Ayurvedic College, Jalandhar

Punjab. 144008. India 

*Corresponding Author: Dr Parveen Kumar

Asstt. Prof. Deptt of Panchkarma

Dayanand Ayurvedic College, Jalandhar

Punjab. 144008. India



 Tulsi is very useful herb because of the wide range of properties it possesses. In addition to being considered as a holy plant, it is used for its medicinal values for thousands of years by the people all over the globe. The traditional healers use the plant for various ailments. In Ayurveda, tulsi is considered to pacify kapha-vata and vitiate pitta, and is used in the treatment of various disorders viz. respiratory tract diseases, fevers, eye diseases and depression. Recent research authenticates the claims of Ayurveda regarding pharmacological properties of the plant. Various studies conducted to study and establish the pharmacological properties of tulsi show that it has numerous pharmacological properties, many of which, like radioprotection and anticancer, can prove to be very important for the human race in this age of industrialization.




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  4. Biswas NP, Biswas AK. Evaluation of some leaf dusts as grain protectant against rice weevil Sitophilus oryzae (Linn.) Environ Ecol. 2005;23:485–8.
  5. Paranjpe Prakash. Indian Medicinal Plants. Chaukhamba Sanskrit Pratishthan, Delhi. 2005: 263.
  6. Sharma PC, Yelne MB and Dennis TJ. Database on Medicinal Plants used in Ayurveda, Vol. 1, Central Council for Research in Ayurveda and Siddha, New Delhi. 2001:500.
  7. Shukl V, Tripathi R D, Charak Samhita of Agnivesha Edn 2, Part I, Chaukhambha Sanskrit Pratishthan, Varanasi, 2000, 405.
  8. Ambikaduttshahtri , Susruta Samhita of Maharishi Sushruta, Edn 12, Part-I, Chaukhambha Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, 2001, 203.
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  11. Sharma PV, Sharma GP, Kaiydev Nighantu First Edition, Chaukhambha Orientalia Varanasi, 1979,  633.
  12. Brahmanand Tripathi, Charak Samhita of Agnivesha Part II, Chaukhambha Surbharti Prakashan- Varanasi, 2001, 657.
  13. Durgadutt Shastri, Sharangdhar Samhita Chaukhambha Vidyabhavan Varanasi, 2002, 425.
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  18. Durgadatt Shastri, Sharangdhar Samhita, Chaukhambha Vidyabhavan Varanasi., 2002,  291.
  19. Agarwal P, Nagesh L, Murlikrishnan. Evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of various concentrations of Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum) extract against Streptococcus mutans: An in vitro study. Indian J Dent Res 2010;21:357-9.
  20. Prakash P, Gupta N. Therapeutic uses of Ocimum sanctum linn (Ocimum sanctum) with a note on eugenol and its pharmacological actions: A short review. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 2005;49:125-31.
  21. Gupta D, Bhaskar DJ, Gupta RK, Karim B, Jain A, Singh R, et al. A randomized controlled clinical trial of Ocimum sanctum and chlorhexidine mouthwash on dental plaque and gingival infl ammation. J Ayurveda Integr Med 2014;5:109-16.
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  23. Shokeen P, Bala M, Sing M, Tandon V. In vitro activity of eugenol, an active component from Ocimum sanctum, against multiresistant and susceptible strains of Neisseria gonorrhea. Int J Antimicrob Agents 2008;32:172-9.
  24. Mistry KS, Sanghvi Z, Parmar G, Shah S. The antimicrobial activity of Azadirachta indica, Mimusops elengi, Tinospora cardifolia, Ocimum sanctum and 2% chlorhexidine gluconate on common endodontic pathogens: An in vitro study. Eur J Dent 2014;8:172-7
  25. Singh S, Malhotra M, Majumdar DK. Antibacterial activity of Ocimum sanctum L.fixed oil. Indian J Exp Biol. 2005;43:835–7.
  26. Geeta, Vasudevan DM, Kedlaya R, Deepa S, Ballal M. Activity of Ocimum sanctum (the traditional Indian medicinal plant) against the enteric pathogens. (472).Indian J Med Sci. 2001;55:434–8.
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  28. Gupta K C, Vishwanathan. R. A short note on antitubercular substances from Ocimum sanctrum, Antibiotic Chemother. 1955 ; 25 : 22 – 23.
  29. Mahaprabhu R, Bhandarkar AG, Jangir BL, Rahangadale SP, Kurkure NV. Ameliorative effect of Ocimum sanctum on meloxicam induced toxicity in wistar rats. Toxicol Int 2011;18:130-6.
  30. Mandal S, Das DN, De K, Ray K, Roy G, Chaudhuri SB, et al. Ocimum sanctum Linn-a study on gastric ulceration and gastric secretion in rats. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 1993;37:91-2.
  31. Parasuraman S, Balamurugan S, Christapher PV, Petchi RR, Yeng WY, Sujithra J, Vijaya C. Evaluation of Antidiabetic and Antihyperlipidemic Effects of Hydroalcoholic Extract of Leaves of Ocimum tenuiflorum (Lamiaceae) and Prediction of Biological Activity of its Phytoconstituents. Phcog Res 2015;7:156-65.
  32. Vats V, Grover JK & Rathi SS 2002 Evaluation of antihyperglycemic and hypoglycemic effect of T foenumgraecum, O sanctum and P marsupium in normal and alloxanized diabetic rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 79 95–100.
  33. J M A Hannan, L Marenah, L Ali, B Rokeya, P R Flatt and Y H A Abdel-Wahab 2006 Ocimum sanctum leaf extracts stimulate insulin secretion from perfused pancreas, isolated islets and clonal pancreatic beta cells. Journal of Endocrinology 189, 127–136.
  34. Asha Khanna, Poonam Shukla, Shajiya Tabassum 2011 Role of Ocimum sanctum as a Genoprotective Agent on Chlorpyrifos-Induced Genotoxicity. Toxicology International 18, 9-13.
  35. Uma Devi P, Ganasoundari A, Vrinda B, Srinivasan KK, Unnikrishnan MK. Radiation protection by the Ocimum flavonoids orientin and vicenin: Mechanism of action. Radiat Res 2000;154:455-60.
  36. Lahon K, Das S. Hepatoprotective activity of Ocimum sanctum alcoholic leaf extract against paracetamol-induced liver damage in Albino rats. Phcog Res 2011;3:13-8.
  37. Chattopadhyay RR, Sarkar SK, Ganguly S, Medda C, Basu TK. Hepatoprotective activity of Ocimum sanctum leaf extract against paracetamol induced hepatic damage in rats. Indian J Pharmacol 1992;24:163-5.
  38. Das SK, Vasudevan DM. Tulsi: The Indian holy power plant. Nat Prod Radiance 2006;5:279-83.
  39. Malve HO, Raut SB, Marathe PA, Rege NN. Effect of combination of Phyllanthus emblica, Tinospora cordifolia, and Ocimum sanctum on spatial learning and memory in rats. J Ayurveda Integr Med 2014;5:209-15.
  40. Bennadi SJ, Krishna KL. Protection of zonisamide induced memory impairment by tulsi extract and piracetam on mice. Int J Health Allied Sci 2014;3:170-6.
  41. Dokania M, Kishore K, Sharma PK. Effect of Ocimum sanctum extract on sodium nitrite-induced experimental amnesia in mice. Thai J Pharma Sci 2011;35:123-30.
  42. Kumar S, Rao S, Nayak S, Sareesh N. Effect of Ocimum sanctum (Linn) extract on restraint stress induced behavioral deficits in male wistar rats. Pharmacol Online 2007;3:394404.
  43. Sarahroodi S, Esmaeili S, Mikaili P, Hemmati Z, Saberi Y. The effects of green Ocimum basilicum hydroalcoholic extract on retention and retrieval of memory in mice. Ancient Sci Life 2012;31:185-9.
  44. M. Raghavendra, Rituparna Maiti, Shafalika Kumar, S. B. Acharya. Role of Ocimum sanctum in the experimental model of Alzheimer’s disease in rats. International Journal of Green Pharmacy 2009: 6-15.
  45. Singh S, Taneja M and Majumdar DK. Biological activities of Ocimum sanctum L. fixed oil- An overview. Indian J Exp Biol. 2007;45:403-412.
  46. Singh S, Rehan HMS and Majumdar DK. Effect of Ocimum sanctum fixed oil on blood pressure, blood clotting time and pentobarbitone-induced sleeping time. J Ethnopharmacol. 2001;78:139.
  47. Mahesh Subramanian, Gajanan J. Chintalwar, Subrata Chattopadhyay. Antioxidant and radioprotective properties of an Ocimum sanctum polysaccharide. Redox Report, Vol. 10, No. 5, 2005: 257-64.
  48. Vrinda B, Uma Devi P. Radiation protection of human lymphocyte chromosomes in vitro by orientin and vicenin. Mutat Res 2001; 498: 39-46.
  49. Sethi J, Yadav M, Sood S, Dahiya K and Singh V. Effect of tulsi (Ocimum Sanctum Linn.) on sperm count and reproductive hormones in male albino rabbits. Int J Ayurveda Res. 2010; 1(4): 208–210.
  50. Khanna S, Gupta SK, Grover JK. Effect of long term feeding of Tulsi (Ocimum Sanctum L) on reproductive performance of adult albino rats. Indian J Exp Biol. 1986;24:302–4.
  51. Reghunandanan R, Sood S, Reghunandanan V, Mehta R M, Singh G P. Effect of ocimum sanctum linn (tulsi) extract on testicular function. Indian J Med Sci 1995;49:83-7.
  52. Bhartiya US, Raut YS, Joseph LJ. Protective effect of Ocimum sanctum L after high-dose 131iodine exposure in mice: An in-vivo study. Indian J Exp Biol. 2006; 44:647-52.
  53. Kim SC, Magesh V, Jeong SJ, Lee HJ, Ahn KS, Lee HJ, et al. Ethanol extract of Ocimum sanctum exerts anti-metastatic activity through inactivation of matrix metalloproteinase-9 and enhancement of antioxidant enzymes. Food Chem Toxicol 2010; 48:1478-82.
  54. P. Sharma, S. Kulshreshtha, A.L. Sharma. Anti-cataract activity of Ocimum sanctum on experimental cataract. Indian Journal of Pharmacology 1998; 30: 16-20.
  55. Harman D. Free radical theory of ageing. J Gerontol. 1971;266:451-6.
  56. Srivastava A, Agarwal R, Chaturvedi TP, Chandra A, Singh OP. Clinical evaluation of the role of tulsi and turmeric in the management of oral submucous fibrosis: A pilot, prospective observational study. J Ayurveda Integr Med 2015;6:45-9.

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DOI : 10.31142/ijahm

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